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Introduction

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds, and peace and benediction be with our master, Mohammed and his Pure Progeny.
This is a selection of the answers to questions, from different parts of the world, put to His Eminence Grand Ayatullah as-Sayyid Ali al-Hussaini as-Seestani (May Allah grant him long life). The answers, which bore his seal, cover current issues facing contemporary Muslims. They revolve around general themes, such as prayer, Hajj (pilgrimage), food, commodities, woman issues, reproduction, medical issues, ethical matters, modern science and technology, entertainment and leisure, work, transactions, religious dues and other topics.
We were inundated with encouraging responses from the faithful, when the first Arabic edition appeared in the West. This has emboldened us to issue the second edition with additions: Current Issues, a supplement to Minhajus Saliheen (The Path of the Good). Volume 1, second edition, 1414 H., from pages 427 to 468 [of the Arabic version] which includes are-as such as banking, insurance, selling and buying, shares, bonds, import and export, premiums, post-mortem, artificial insemination, birth control, lottery tickets, prayers and fasting.
Another addition has been the addendum of Ma-nasikul Hajj (pilgrimage rites). It contains important areas such as: Affordability, paying khums (a type of religious levy equivalent to one fifth), rules of performing hajj by proxy, appointing an agent, types of umrah (lesser pilgrimage), forbidden acts concerning Ihram (pilgrimage special attire), shading, kaffarah (atonement), tawaf (circumambulation of the Ka'ba) and its prayer, sa'y (brisk walking between Safa and Marwah), wuquf (devotional stay) at Arafat , staying over-night at Mina, hady (sacrificial offering), and pelting pebbles at Jimar or Jamarat (place where the three slabs of stone representing the devil are erected).
A third addition is some important issues that are frequently enquired about; they come under the title of Miscellany.
This translation contains all the above subject matter and some recent questions received after the book was published together with His Eminence as-Seestani's answers. We spared no effort to cluster all related issues together, especially in the first section of the book, containing questions and answers on current issues, for the benefit of the reader.
We pray to the Almighty to bestow success upon us to be able to publish the second series of Fiqhul Mughtaribeen (Jurisprudence for the Immigrants) in the near future, Allah willing. May He preserve for us our Religious Authority, as-Sayyid as-Seestani so that we would benefit from his knowledge. Allah is the Most Merciful.
Murtadha al-Kashmiri
London, Rajab, 1414 H.
(December, 1996)
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