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Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca » General Rules → ← Sawm: Fasting » Questions and Answers

Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca » Introduction

The pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) is one of the fundmental obligations in Islamic laws. The holy Qur’ãn has clearly mentioned this obligation. Almighty Allãh says in His holy Book: “And it is for the sake of Allãh [a duty] upon the people to do the pilgrimage of the House—whosoever has the ability [to travel] to it. And whosoever is ungrateful, then surely Allãh is free from need of the universe.” (2:196) The Almighty has compared the negligence of hajj to ingratitude because of its importance.
Hajj is one of the five pillars on which Islam is based. In a noble hadíth, Imam al-Bãqir (a.s.) said, “Islam is based on five pillars: on prayer (salãt), alms (zakãt), pilgrimage (hajj), fasting (sawm), and devotion [to the Ahlul Bayt] (wilãya)." (1)
Imam ‘Ali bin Abi Tãlib (a.s.) advised about hajj by saying, “Do not neglect the pilgrimage to the House of your Lord; otherwise you will perish." (2) Imam as-Sãdiq (a.s.) said, “If the people neglect the pilgrimage to the House, the chastisement will overwhelm them and they would not be warned [about it].” (3) This is so because neglecting hajj while the person is in a position to fulfill all its conditions is a great sin. A hadíth says, “When a person is capable of doing the pilgrimage but does not do it, he has indeed flouted a law from the laws of Islam.” (4) Another noble hadíth says, “One who keeps postponing hajj until he dies, Allãh will resurrect him on the Day of Judgement as a Jew or a Christian.” (5)

1 Tafsilu Wasa'ili 'sh-Shi'a, vol. 1, p. 20.
2 Ibid, vol. 11, p. 23.
3 Ibid, p. 22.
4 Ibid, p. 28.
5 Shaykh as-Sadûq, Muhammad bin 'Ali Ibn Babwayh, Man La Yahdhuruhu 'l-Faqih, vol. 4, p. 266.
Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca » General Rules → ← Sawm: Fasting » Questions and Answers
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