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3. Flowing water → ← 1. Kurr water

2. Qalīl water

Ruling 23. Qalīl water is water that does not gush from the earth and is less than kurr.

Ruling 24. If qalīl water is poured onto an impure object or an impure object comes into contact with qalīl water, the qalīl water becomes impure. However, if qalīl water is poured over an impure object from above, then the amount that comes into contact with the object is impure, and the amount that does not come into contact with it is pure.

Ruling 25.* Qalīl water that separates from an impure object by itself or as a result of pressure and suchlike when that object is washed or after it has been washed is called ‘waste water’ (ghusālah) and is impure (najis). If before pouring water onto the object that had become impure there was no intrinsic impurity on it, the impurity (najāsah) of the waste water is based on obligatory precaution. There is no difference if that object is from among those things that becomes pure by washing once[1] or by washing more than once. If the object is from among those things that must be washed more than once, there is no difference if the waste water is from the final wash or before the final wash.

Ruling 26. Qalīl water with which the urinary outlet or the anus are washed does not make anything it comes into contact with impure, provided that five conditions are met:

it does not acquire the smell, colour, or taste of the impurity;

another impurity has not come into contact with it;

another impurity, such as blood, has not come out with the urine or faeces;

particles of faeces do not appear in the water;

a more than usual amount of impurity has not spread around the urinary outlet or the anus.

[1] Such as the impure inside of a utensil. See Ruling 144.
3. Flowing water → ← 1. Kurr water
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