The Official Website of the Office of His Eminence Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-Sistani

Books » Islamic Laws

Obligatory acts relating to Namaz » Intention (niyyah) → ← Obligatory acts relating to Namaz » The call to prayer (adhān) and the call to stand for prayer (iqāmah)

Obligatory acts relating to Namaz » Obligatory components of the prayer

There are eleven obligatory components of the prayer:

1.
intention (niyyah);
2. standing (qiyām);
3. takbīrat al-iḥrām, i.e. saying ‘allāhu akbar’ at the beginning of the prayer;
4. bowing (rukūʿ);
5. prostrating (sujūd);
6. recitation (qirāʾah);
7. declaring in rukūʿ and sujūd that Allah is free from imper­fections (dhikr);
8. testifying (tashahhud);
9. salutation (salām);
10. sequence (tartīb);
11. close succession (muwālāh).

Ruling 928. Some of the obligatory components of the prayer are elemental (rukn), i.e. if one does not perform them – whether intentionally or mistakenly – the prayer is invalid. Some other obligatory components are not elemental, i.e. if they are omitted mistakenly, the prayer is not invalid. There are five rukns of the prayer:

1.
intention;
2. takbīrat al-iḥrām while standing;
3. standing that is joined to rukūʿ, i.e. standing before rukūʿ;
4. rukūʿ;
5. two sajdahs in one rakʿah.

If a rukn is intentionally performed more than the prescribed number of times, the prayer is invalid; however, if it is done mistakenly, and if the additional act is a rukūʿ or two sajdahs in one rakʿah, then based on obligatory precaution the prayer is invalid; otherwise, [if the additional act is not a rukūʿ or two sajdahs in one rakʿah] it is not invalid.
Obligatory acts relating to Namaz » Intention (niyyah) → ← Obligatory acts relating to Namaz » The call to prayer (adhān) and the call to stand for prayer (iqāmah)
العربية فارسی اردو English Azərbaycan Türkçe Français