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Congregational prayers » Things that are disapproved (makrūh) in congregational prayers → ← Congregational prayers » Rules of congregational prayers

Congregational prayers » Duties of the imam and the follower in congregational prayers

Ruling 1459. If the follower is a man, it is recommended that he stands at the right-hand side of the imam. If the follower is a woman, it is recommended that she also stands on the right-hand side of the imam, but she must stand behind him at least to the extent that the place of her sajdah is in line with the place of his knees when he goes into sajdah. If the imam is a man and the follower is a woman, or, if the followers are a man and some women, it is recommended that the man stands on the right-hand side of the imam and the woman or women stand behind the imam. If the followers are some men and one woman or some women, it is recommended that the men stand behind the imam and the women stand behind the men.

Ruling 1460. If both the imam and the followers are women, the obligatory precaution is that all of them must stand in one line and the imam must not stand in front of the others.

Ruling 1461. It is recommended that the imam stands in the middle of the line and that learned, virtuous, and God-wary people stand in the first row.

Ruling 1462. It is recommended that the rows of the congregation are orderly, that there are no gaps between the persons standing in one row, and that their shoulders are in line with one another.

Ruling 1463. It is recommended that a follower stands up [for the prayer] after ‘qad qāmatiṣ ṣalāh’ [of iqāmah] has been said.

Ruling 1464. It is recommended that the imam of congregational prayers takes into account the condition of the followers who are weaker than others, and that he does not prolong qunūt, rukūʿ, and sujūd unless he knows that all the persons following him prefer him to do so.

Ruling 1465. When reciting Sūrat al-Ḥamd and the other surah, and when saying the dhikrs that are said aloud, it is recommended that the imam of congregational prayers raises his voice to the extent that others can hear him; however, he must not raise it more than what is considered to be a normal voice.

Ruling 1466. If while performing rukūʿ the imam realises that a person has just arrived and wants to join, it is recommended that he prolongs the rukūʿ twice as much as normal and then stands up, even if he realises that another person has also arrived and wants to join.
Congregational prayers » Things that are disapproved (makrūh) in congregational prayers → ← Congregational prayers » Rules of congregational prayers
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