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Fasting » Intention (niyyah) → ← Qadha prayers » Hiring someone to perform prayers(1)

CHAPTER FOUR » Fasting (Ṣawm)

‘Fasting’ means that one abstains from eight things – which will be mentioned later – from the start of the time of morning (ṣubḥ) prayers(1) until the time of maghrib,(2) in humility and obedience to the Lord of the worlds.

(1) In the original work, the term ‘morning call to prayer (adhān)’ is used, which practically speaking means the start of the time of the ṣubḥ prayer. The legal definition of ṣubḥ is stated in Ruling 728.
(2) For the legal definition of maghrib, see Ruling 722.
Fasting » Intention (niyyah) → ← Qadha prayers » Hiring someone to perform prayers(1)
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