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Fasting » Recompense (kaffārah) of a fast → ← Fasting » Things that are disapproved (makrūh) for a fasting person to do

Fasting » Times when it is obligatory (wājib) to both make up (qaḍāʾ) and give recompense (kaffārah)

Ruling 1628. If someone invalidates a fast of the month of Ramadan by eating, drinking, having sexual intercourse, masturbating, or remaining in the state of janābah until the time of ṣubḥ prayers, in the event that he did one of these things intentionally and voluntarily – and he was not compelled and forced to – then, as well as qaḍāʾ, kaffārah also becomes obligatory on him [i.e. he must keep a fast after Ramadan and also give recompense]. As for someone who invalidates a fast by means other than those mentioned, the recommended precaution is that in addition to qaḍāʾ, he should also give kaffārah.

Ruling 1629. If someone performs one of the things mentioned [in the previous ruling] while believing with certainty that it would not invalidate his fast, kaffārah is not obligatory on him. The same applies to someone who does not know that fasting is obligatory on him, such as a child in the early stages of legal responsibility (bulūgh).
Fasting » Recompense (kaffārah) of a fast → ← Fasting » Things that are disapproved (makrūh) for a fasting person to do
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