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Chapter twenty-seven » Conditions of a marriage contract → ← Chapter twenty-seven » The marriage contract

Chapter twenty-seven » Method of saying the marriage contract formula (ṣīghah)

Ruling 2387. If the man and the woman are to say the formula of a permanent marriage themselves, then after specifying the amount of dowry (mahr), the woman commences by saying:

زَوَّجْتُكَ نَـفْسِي عَلَىٰ الصِّدَاقِ الْمَعْلُومِ

zawwajtuka nafsī ʿalaṣ ṣidāqil maʿlūm

I wed myself to you for the determined dowry.

Thereafter, without there being any significant gap, the man says:

قَبِلْتُ التَّـزْوِیجَ

qabiltut tazwīj

I accept the marriage.

If this is done, the marriage contract is valid (ṣaḥīḥ). The marriage contract is also valid if the man simply says:

قَبِلْتُ

qabiltu

I accept.

If the man and the woman each appoint an agent to say the marriage contract formula on their behalf, and if, for example, the name of the man is Aḥmad and the name of the woman is Fāṭimah, the woman’s agent says:

زَوَّجْتُ مُوَکِّلَكَ أَحْمَدَ مُوَکِّلَتِي فَاطِمَةَ عَلَىٰ الصِّدَاقِ الْمَعْلُومِ

zawwajtu muwakkilaka aḥmad muwakkilatī fāṭimah ʿalaṣ ṣidāqil maʿlūm

I wed your client Aḥmad to my client Fāṭimah for the determined dowry.

Thereafter, without there being any significant gap, the man’s agent says:

قَبِلْتُ التَّـزْوِیجَ لِمُوَکِّلِي أَحْمَدَ عَلَىٰ الصِّدَاقِ الْمَعْلُومِ

qabiltut tazwīja limuwakkilī aḥmad ʿalaṣ ṣidāqil maʿlūm

I accept the marriage on behalf of my client Aḥmad
for the determined dowry.

If this is done, the marriage contract is valid. The recommended precaution (al-iḥtiyāṭ al-mustaḥabb) is that the words said by the man should be consistent with the words said by the woman. For example, if the woman uses the expression زَوَّجْتُ’ [zawwajtu], the man should respond with قَبِلـْتُ التَّـزْوِیجَ [qabiltut tazwīj] instead of قَبِلـْتُ النِّكَاحَ [qabiltun nikāḥ].

Ruling 2388. If the man and the woman are to say the formula of a temporary marriage themselves, then after specifying the period of time and the amount of dowry (mahr), the woman says:

زَوَّجْتُكَ نَـفْسِي فِي الْمُدَّةِ الْمَعْلُومَةِ عَلَىٰ الْمَهْرِ الْمَعْلُومِ

zawwajtuka nafsī fil muddatil maʿlūmah ʿalal mahril maʿlūm

I wed myself to you for the determined period
for the determined dowry.

Thereafter, without there being any significant gap, the man says:

قَبِلْتُ

qabiltu

I accept.

If this is done, the marriage contract is valid. If the man and the woman each appoint an agent [to say the marriage contract formula on their behalf], then first the woman’s agent says to the man’s agent:

زَوَّجْتُ مُوَکِّلَتِي مُوَکِّلَكَ فِي الْمُدَّةِ الْمَعْلُومَةِ عَلَىٰ الْمَهْرِ الْمَعْلُومِ

zawwajtu muwakkilatī muwakkilaka fil muddatil maʿlūmah ʿalal mahril maʿlūm

I wed my client to your client for the determined period
for the determined dowry.

Thereafter, without there being any significant gap, the man’s agent says:

قَبِلْتُ التَّـزْوِیجَ لِمُوَکِّلِي هٰكَذَا

qabiltut tazwīja limuwakkilī hākadhā

I accept the marriage on behalf of my client accordingly.

If this is done, the marriage contract is valid.(1)

(1) Variations of the marriage formula are mentioned in Minhāj al-Ṣāliḥīn (vol. 3, p. 16–18).
Chapter twenty-seven » Conditions of a marriage contract → ← Chapter twenty-seven » The marriage contract
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