The Official Website of the Office of His Eminence Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-Sistani

Question & Answer » Bathing

1 Question: How is a Tartibi (sequential) ghusl done?
Answer: In sequential ghusl, one must – based on obligatory precaution – first wash with the intention of ghusl the entire head and neck and then the entire body; and it is better to first wash the right side of the body, then the left. In the event that one intentionally or due to being negligent in learning the laws of ghusl does not wash the entire head and neck before washing the body, then based on obligatory precaution, his ghusl is invalid. Furthermore, based on obligatory precaution, when performing ghusl, it is not sufficient to make the intention of ghusl when moving the head, neck, or body while they are already under the flow of water; rather, the part that one wants to perform ghusl on – in the event that it is already under the flow of water – must be taken out from under the flow of water and then washed with the intention of ghusl.
2 Question: Is it necessary to clean the body from impurities before performing an obligatory Ghusl?
Answer: It is not necessary that the entire body of a person should be clean before Irtimasi and Tartibi Ghusl. So, if the body becomes clean while diving in water or pouring water over one's body with the intention of the Ghusl, the Ghusl will be in order .
3 Question: If a person who performs Ghusl with the niyyat of Wajib after having ascertained that the time of Namaz had set in, comes to know after performing the bath that it was performed before the time for prayers had set in, in such a case, is the bath correct?
Answer: The bath is correct and valid and is sufficient for wudhu.
4 Question: If I forget to do ghusl-e-janabat and then after four days, I remember that I did not perform ghusl-e-janabat. In this case, what is my obligation? Do I have to do ghusl and give the qaza of the prayers that I offered?
Answer: You must perform Ghusl and perform the qaza of your prayers.
5 Question: If a person is doing Ghusl-e-Janabat Irtimasi, must he say "I perform Ghusl-e-Janabat Irtimasi" in his Niyah? If not, is, saying "I perform Ghusl-e-Janabat" enough?
Answer: It is sufficient to intend getting nearness to Allah by getting Taharah. {Meaning, it is not necessary to mention your intention verbally. To pass it through your mind that you perform Ghusl-e Janabat is sufficient.
6 Question: Can a person Perform Ghusl-e-Irtimasi instead of Ghusl-e-Tartibi, in order to save time, even if he has enough time to perform the latter?
Answer: There is no objection in it.
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