Works : Hajj Rituals
Hajj-ut-Tamatu' consists of two parts: Umrat-ut-Tamatu' and Hajj. The first part is connected to the second, and Umrah precedes Hajj.
Hajj-ul-Ifraad is a distinct kind of pilgrimage. It is the obligation of those who live in or within 48 miles of Makkah. If it is possible for such a person to perform Umrat-ul-Mufradah, it is obligatory on him to do so separately. If it is possible for him to perform only one of them, his obligation will be to perform that only. If it is possible for him to perform one of them at one time and the other at another time, he must perform each of them at the time possible. If he can manage both together, he must perform them at the same time. In this situation, it is the common view among the scholars that as a matter of caution, he must give precedence to the Hajj over the Umrat-ul-Mufradah.
Rule 158: All the rituals are common to Hajj-ul-Ifraad and Hajj-ut-Tamatu'. However, there are certain differences:
- For Hajj-ut-Tamatu', it is obligatory that Umrat-ut-Tamatu' must come first and both be performed in the same year, as already stated; but that is not necessary for Hajj-ul-Ifraad.
- In Hajj-ut-Tamatu', slaughtering of an animal is obligatory, as discussed earlier on; but that is not necessary for Hajj-ul-Ifraad.
- In Hajj-ut-Tamatu', it is not permissible to give precedence by choice to tawaf or sa'y over the two stops. it is permissible, though, to do so in Hajj-ul-Ifraad.
- In Hajj-ut-Tamatu', the ihram for the Hajj is worn in Makkah. For Hajj-ul-Ifraad, it depends upon whether the pilgrim lives in Makkah or not. This will be set out below.
- Umrat-ut-Tamatu' must precede the Hajj; but that is not necessary for Hajj-ul-Ifraad.
- As a matter of obligatory caution, in Hajj-ut-Tamatu', it is not permitted to make an optional tawaf after wearing the ihram for it but that is permitted in Hajj-ul-Ifraad.
Rule 159: If a person wears ihram for an optional Hajj-ul-Ifraad, he is permitted to change his intention to Umrat-ut-Tamatu' by carrying out taqseer, and thus coming out of ihram, unless he has recited Talbiyah after sa'y, in which case the change is not permitted.
Rule 160: If a person wears ihram for Hajj-ul-Ifraad and enters Makkah, he is permitted to perform an optional tawaf. However, as a matter of gratuitous precaution (al ahwatil awla), it is obligatory on him to repeat the talbiyah after the prayers for the tawaf if he did not change his intention to Hajj-ut-Tamatu' while it was permissible to do so. This precautionary measure also applies to obligatory tawaf.