The Official Website of the Office of His Eminence Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-Sistani

Books » Islamic Laws

Things which invalidate prayers » Omitting or adding components or conditions of the prayer → ← Things which invalidate prayers » Method of performing sajdatā al-sahw

Things which invalidate prayers » Making up (qaḍāʾ) a forgotten sajdah

Ruling 1237. If a person forgets a sajdah in his prayers and is required to make it up after the prayer, he must do so having met all the conditions of prayers, such as his body and clothing being pure, facing qibla, and the other conditions.

Ruling 1238. If a person forgets a few sajdahs – for example, he forgets one sajdah from the first rakʿah and another from the second – then after the prayer, he must make up both sajdahs. And the recommended precaution is that he should perform sajdatā al-sahw for each forgotten sajdah.

Ruling 1239. If a person forgets one sajdah and one tashahhud, he must perform sajdatā al-sahw for the forgotten tashahhud, but it is not necessary for him to do so for the forgotten sajdah, although it is better that he does.

Ruling 1240. If a person forgets two sajdahs from two rakʿahs, it is not necessary for him to observe sequence when making them up.

Ruling 1241. If between the salām of the prayer and making up the sajdah one does something that were he to do it intentionally or inadvertently in prayers it would invalidate the prayer – for example, he turns his back to qibla – then the recommended precaution is that after making up the sajdah, he should perform the prayer again.

Ruling 1242. If a person remembers after the salām of the prayer that he has forgotten one sajdah from the last rakʿah, in the event that he does not do anything that invalidates prayers, he must perform it and all that follows it, i.e. tashahhud and salām. And based on obligatory precaution, he must perform sajdatā al-sahw for saying an additional salām.

Ruling 1243. If between the salām of the prayer and making up the sajdah a person does something that makes it obligatory on him to perform sajdatā al-sahw – for example, he inadvertently speaks – then based on obligatory precaution he must first make up the sajdah and then perform sajdatā al-sahw.

Ruling 1244. If a person does not know whether he has forgotten a sajdah or tashahhud in prayers, he must make up the sajdah and perform sajdatā al-sahw. And the recommended precaution is that he should also make up the tashahhud.

Ruling 1245. If a person doubts whether or not he has forgotten a sajdah or tashahhud, it is not obligatory on him to make up the sajdah or the sajdatā al-sahw.

Ruling 1246. If a person knows he has forgotten to perform a sajdah but doubts whether or not he remembered before performing rukūʿ of the next rakʿah and then performed it, the recommended precaution is that he should make it up.

Ruling 1247. With regard to someone who must make up a sajdah, if for some reason sajdatā al-sahw becomes obligatory on him as well, then based on obligatory precaution after prayers he must first make up the sajdah and then perform sajdatā al-sahw.

Ruling 1248. If after prayers one doubts whether or not he has made up a forgotten sajdah, in the event that the time for the prayer has not expired, he must make up the sajdah. In fact, even if the time has expired, he must, based on obligatory precaution, make it up.
Things which invalidate prayers » Omitting or adding components or conditions of the prayer → ← Things which invalidate prayers » Method of performing sajdatā al-sahw
العربية فارسی اردو English Azərbaycan Türkçe Français