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Kinds of blood seen by women » Laws relating to after death → ← Kinds of blood seen by women » The ghusl for touching a corpse (mass al-mayyit)

Kinds of blood seen by women » Laws relating to a dying person (muḥtaḍar)

Ruling 521. Based on obligatory precaution, a believer who is dying – i.e. breathing his last breaths – must be laid on his back, if possible, and in a way that the soles of his feet face qibla, whether the believer is male or female, an adult or a child.

Ruling 522. It is better that until the ghusl given to a corpse has not been completely performed, a dying person should be laid in the manner mentioned in the previous ruling [with the soles of his feet] facing qibla. And after a corpse has been given ghusl, it is better to lay it in the same position as it will be when people perform ṣalāt al-mayyit for it.

Ruling 523. Based on obligatory precaution, laying a dying person in a way that the soles of his feet face qibla is obligatory on every Muslim. And in the event that Muslims know that the dying person consents [to being laid like this] and he is not incapacitated, it is not necessary to get the consent of his guardian (walī) [to lay him like this]; otherwise, [if he is incapacitated], based on obligatory precaution, it is necessary to get the consent of his guardian.

Ruling 524. It is recommended to perform talqīn(1) on a dying person with the shahādatayn (two testimonies),(2) the avowal (iqrār) of the Twelve Imams (ʿA), and other rightful beliefs of the faith in a manner that he understands. It is also recommended that the aforementioned things be repeated until the time of death.

Ruling 525. It is recommended that this duʿāʾ be impressed upon the dying person in a manner that he understands:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الْکَثِيرَ مِن مَّعَاصِيكَ، وَ اقْـبَلْ مِنِّيَ الْیَسِيرَ مِنْ طَاعَتِكَ،
یَا مَن یَّـقْبَلُ الْیَسِيرَ وَ یَعْفُو عَنِ الْکَثِيرِ، اِقْـبَلْ مِنِّيَ الْیَسِيرَ وَ اعْفُ عَنِّيَ الْکَثِيرَ، إنَّكَ اَنْتَ الْعَفُوُّ الْغَفُورُ، اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْحَمْنِي فَإِنَّكَ رَحِیمٌ

allāhummagh fir liyal kathīra mim maʿāṣīk, waqbal minnīyal yasīra min ṭāʿatik, yā may yaqbalul yasīra wa yaʿfū ʿanil kathīr, iqbal minnīyal yasīra waʿ fu ʿannīyal kathīr, innaka antal ʿafuwwul ghafūr, allāhummar ḥamnī faʾinnaka raḥīm

O Allah! Pardon the many times I have disobeyed You, and accept the few instances when I have obeyed You. O You Who accept the few and pardon the many! Accept from me what are few and pardon me for the many. Indeed, You are the All-Pardoning, the All-Forgiving. O Allah! Have mercy on me, for You are the Ever-Merciful.

Ruling 526. If someone is experiencing a painful death, it is recommended that he be taken to the place where he used to perform prayers, as long as this does not upset him.

Ruling 527. In order to comfort a dying person, it is recommended to recite at his side the blessed surahs of Yāsīn,(3) al-Ṣāffāt,(4) and al-Aḥzāb;(5) and to recite Āyat al-Kursī,(6) verse fifty-four of Sūrat al-Aʿrāf,(7) and the last three verses of Sūrat al-Baqarah.(8) In fact, [it is recommended] to recite as much of the Qur’an as possible.

Ruling 528. It is disapproved to leave a dying person alone, to place a weighty object on his stomach, to be junub or ḥāʾiḍ near him, to talk excessively near him, to cry near him, or to leave women alone next to him.

(1) Talqīn refers to impressing principle beliefs upon a dying person or to a corpse.

(2) As explained in Ruling 205, ‘the two testimonies’ refers to testifying to the oneness of Allah and to the prophethood of Prophet Muḥammad (Ṣ).

(3) Chapter 36 of the Qur’an.

(4) Chapter 37 of the Qur’an.

(5) Chapter 33 of the Qur’an.

(6) Verse 255 of Chapter 2 of the Qur’an.

(7) Chapter 7 of the Qur’an.

(8) Chapter 2 of the Qur’an.
Kinds of blood seen by women » Laws relating to after death → ← Kinds of blood seen by women » The ghusl for touching a corpse (mass al-mayyit)
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