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Rules related to a dying person » Recommended (mustaḥabb) ghusls

Ruling 633. In the sacred law of Islam, there are many recommended ghusls, including:

1.
the Friday ghusl. The time for performing this ghusl is from ṣubḥ prayers until sunset, and it is better to perform it near ẓuhr. If a person does not perform it until after ẓuhr, it is better that he performs it before sunset without specifying an intention of adāʾ or qaḍāʾ [i.e. without specifying whether it is being performed within its prescribed time or not]. If a person does not perform this ghusl on Friday, it is recommended that he performs it as qaḍāʾ on Saturday between the time of ṣubḥ prayers until sunset. If someone knows that he will not procure water on Friday, he can perform this ghusl on Thursday or on the night before Friday with the intention of rajāʾ. When one performs this ghusl, it is recommended that he says:

أَشْهَدُ أَن لَّا إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ، اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمّدٍ وَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، وَ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ التَّـوَّابِينَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِینَ

ashhadu al lā ilāha illal lāhu waḥdahu lā sharīka lah, wa anna muḥammadan ʿabduhu wa rasūluh, allāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadiw wa āli muḥammad, wajʿalnī minat tawwābīna wajʿalnī minal mutaṭahhirīn

I testify that there is no god but Allah, He alone; and I testify that Muḥammad is His servant and His messenger. O Allah! Bless Muḥammad and the progeny of Muḥammad. Make me of those who often repent and make me of those who purify themselves.

2
–7. the ghusl for the night of the 1st, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, and 24th of the month of Ramadan;

8
–9. the ghusl for the day of Eid al-Fiṭr(1) and Eid al-Aḍḥā.(2) The time for performing these ghusls is from ṣubḥ prayers until sunset, and it is better to perform them before the Eid prayers;

10–11.
the ghusl for the day of the 8th and 9th of Dhū al-Ḥijjah,(3) and it is better to perform the ghusl on the day of the 9th at the time of ẓuhr prayers;

12.
the ghusl of someone who has touched a corpse after it has been given ghusl;
13. the ghusl for iḥrām;
14. the ghusl for entering the sacred precinct (ḥaram) of Mecca;
15. the ghusl for entering Mecca;
16. the ghusl for visiting the Kaʿbah;
17. the ghusl for entering the Kaʿbah;
18. the ghusl for slaughtering a camel (naḥr) and for slaughtering an animal (dhabḥ);
19. the ghusl for shaving one’s hair (ḥalq);
20. the ghusl for entering the ḥaram of Medina;
21. the ghusl for entering Medina;
22. the ghusl for bidding farewell to the holy grave of Prophet Muḥammad (Ṣ);
23. the ghusl for mubāhalah (mutual imprecation) with an opponent;
24. the ghusl for istikhārah (the practice of seeking from Allah the best choice between two or more options);
25. the ghusl for istisqāʾ (invocation for rain).

Ruling 634. In the course of explaining recommended ghusls, jurists have mentioned many other ghusls, including:

1.
the ghusl for each of the odd nights of the month of Ramadan, and the ghusl for each of the last ten nights of Ramadan, and another ghusl at the end of the 23rd night of Ramadan;
2. the ghusl for the 24th of Dhū al-Ḥijjah;(4)
3. the ghusl for the Eid of Nawrūz,(5) 15th of Shaʿbān,(6) 9th of Rabīʿ al-Awwal,(7) 17th of Rabīʿ al-Awwal,(8) and the 25th day of Dhū al-Qaʿdah;(9)
4. the ghusl for a woman who has used fragrance for other than her husband;
5. the ghusl for someone who slept while intoxicated;
6. the ghusl for someone who went to see a hanging and actually saw it; however, if he happened to see it by chance, or he had no choice but to see it, or, for example, he had gone to give evidence and saw it, in these cases, this ghusl is not recommended;
7. the ghusl for the visitation (ziyārah) of the Infallibles (maʿṣūmīn) from near or far.

It is not established, however, that these ghusls are recommended, and someone who wants to perform them must do so with the intention of rajāʾ.

Ruling 635. If someone performs one of the ghusls that has been legally established as being a recommended ghusl – such as those mentioned in Ruling 633 – he can perform acts that require wuḍūʾ, such as prayers, with that ghusl. As for ghusls that are performed with the intention of rajāʾ – such as those mentioned in Ruling 634 – these do not suffice in place of wuḍūʾ.

Ruling 636. It is sufficient for one to perform one ghusl with the intention of several different recommended ghusls, except for those ghusls that have become recommended for one to perform on account of having done something, such as the ghusl for touching a corpse that has been given ghusl. To consider this type of ghusl as sufficing for several different recommended ghusls is problematic [i.e. based on obligatory precaution, one must not consider it as sufficing].

(1) The 1st of Shawwāl.

(2) The 10th of Dhū al-Ḥijjah.

(3) These days are known as the days of Tarwiyah and ʿArafah.

(4) The day of Mubāhalah.

(5) The day of the spring equinox.

(6) The birthday of the Twelfth Holy Imam (ʿA).

(7) Eid al-Zahrāʾ (ʿA).

(8) The birthday of Prophet Muḥammad (Ṣ) and Imam Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (ʿA).

(9) The day of Dahw al-Arḍ.
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