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Rules of Namaz » The time for the morning (ṣubḥ) prayer → ← Rules of Namaz » Some laws concerning the Friday prayer

Rules of Namaz » The time for the prayer after sunset (maghrib) and the evening (ʿishāʾ) prayer

Ruling 722. If a person doubts (i.e. has a shakk) whether the sun has set or not and deems it probable that it is hidden behind mountains, buildings, or trees, he must not perform the maghrib prayer before the redness of the sky in the east – which appears after sunset – has passed overhead. Even if one does not have such a doubt, he must, based on obligatory precaution, wait until the aforementioned time.

Ruling 723. For a person under normal circumstances, the time for the maghrib prayer is until midnight, but for a helpless person – who due to forgetfulness, oversleeping, menstruation (ḥayḍ), or suchlike did not perform prayers before midnight – the time for maghrib and ʿishāʾ prayers is extended until dawn. However, in both cases, the proper order between the two prayers must be observed, meaning that if the ʿishāʾ prayer is knowingly performed before the maghrib prayer, it is invalid unless the time remaining is sufficient only for performing the ʿishāʾ prayer, in which case it is necessary that one performs the ʿishāʾ prayer before the maghrib prayer.

Ruling 724. If someone mistakenly performs the ʿishāʾ prayer before the maghrib prayer and realises his mistake after the prayer, his prayer is valid and he must perform the maghrib prayer after it.

Ruling 725. If before performing the maghrib prayer one inadvertently engages in performing the ʿishāʾ prayer and realises during the prayer that he has made a mistake, in the event that he has not performed the rukūʿ of the fourth rakʿah, he must change his intention to the maghrib prayer, complete the prayer, and then perform the ʿishāʾ prayer. However, if he has performed the rukūʿ of the fourth rakʿah, he can complete the ʿishāʾ prayer and then perform the maghrib prayer.

Ruling 726. As previously mentioned, the time for the ʿishāʾ prayer for a person under normal circumstances ends at midnight. The night is the period from the beginning of sunset until dawn.

Ruling 727. If someone wilfully does not perform maghrib or ʿishāʾ prayers by midnight, he must, based on obligatory precaution, perform them before the time of the morning call to prayer (adhān) without making the intention of whether he is performing them in their prescribed time or not (adāʾ or qaḍāʾ).
Rules of Namaz » The time for the morning (ṣubḥ) prayer → ← Rules of Namaz » Some laws concerning the Friday prayer
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