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Rules of Namaz » The ghufaylah prayer → ← Rules of Namaz » Recommended (mustaḥabb) prayers

Rules of Namaz » Timings for the daily supererogatory (nāfilah) prayers

Ruling 755. The nāfilah of ẓuhr is performed before the ẓuhr prayer, and its time commences from the time of ẓuhr and continues until the time it is possible to perform it before performing the ẓuhr prayer. However, if one delays performing the nāfilah of ẓuhr until the time that the shadow of an indicator (shākhiṣ), which is visible after the time of ẓuhr, becomes two-sevenths the length of the indicator – meaning that if the length of the indicator is seven spans, the shadow becomes two spans in length – in such a case, it is better to perform the ẓuhr prayer before the nāfilah prayer unless one has performed one rakʿah of the nāfilah prayer before [the shadow of the indicator becomes two-sevenths the length of the indicator], in which case it is better to complete the nāfilah prayer before the ẓuhr prayer.

Ruling 756. The nāfilah of ʿaṣr is performed before the ʿaṣr prayer, and its time continues until the time it is possible to perform it before performing the ʿaṣr prayer. However, if one delays performing the nāfilah of ʿaṣr until the time that the shadow of an indicator becomes four-sevenths the length of the indicator, it is better to perform the ʿaṣr prayer before the nāfilah prayer, except in the case mentioned in the previous ruling.

Ruling 757. The time for the nāfilah of maghrib is after performing the maghrib prayer, and as much as possible, it should be performed after performing the maghrib prayer within its prescribed time. However, if one delays performing the nāfilah of maghrib until the redness of the western sky – which is visible after the sun sets – disappears, it is better that one first performs the ʿishāʾ prayer.

Ruling 758. The time for the nāfilah of ʿishāʾ is after performing the ʿishāʾ prayer until midnight, and it is better that it be performed immediately after the ʿishāʾ prayer.

Ruling 759. The nāfilah of the ṣubḥ prayer is performed before the ṣubḥ prayer, and its time commences after the passing of the time of the night prayer (ṣalāt al-layl) in which ṣalāt al-layl can be performed. Its time continues until the time it is possible to perform the ṣubḥ prayer. However, if one delays performing the nāfilah of ṣubḥ until the redness of the eastern sky becomes visible, it is better that one first performs the ṣubḥ prayer.

Ruling 760. Based on the well-known (mashhūr) juristic opinion, the commencement of the nāfilah of the night is midnight. Although this is more cautious and better, it is not farfetched (baʿīd)(1) that its commencement is the start of night and that its time continues until the time of the morning call to prayer; and it is better that it be performed near the time of the morning call to prayer.

Ruling 761. If a person wakes up at the appearance of daybreak, he can perform ṣalāt al-layl without making the intention of adāʾ or qaḍāʾ.

(1) For practical purposes, a legal opinion that is termed ‘not farfetched’ equates to a fatwa.
Rules of Namaz » The ghufaylah prayer → ← Rules of Namaz » Recommended (mustaḥabb) prayers
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