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CHAPTER NINE » Hajj(1) → ← Alms Tax (Zakat) » Distribution of zakāt al-fiṭrah

Alms Tax (Zakat)» Miscellaneous rulings on zakāt al-fiṭrah

Ruling 2033. A person must give zakāt al-fiṭrah with the intention of qurbah – i.e. in humility to the Lord of the worlds – and he must make the intention of giving fiṭrah at the time of giving it.

Ruling 2034. It is not permitted for one to give fiṭrah before the month of Ramadan, and it is better that he does not give it during the month of Ramadan either. However, there is no problem if one gives a loan to a poor person before Ramadan and then counts the loan as fiṭrah once fiṭrah has become obligatory on him.

Ruling 2035. Wheat or any other thing that a person gives as fiṭrah must not be mixed with soil or any other thing. In the event that it is mixed and the item itself is equal to one ṣāʿ and it is usable without having to separate it from the other thing, or if separating it does not require extraordinary effort, or the amount that has been mixed is negligible, then there is no problem.

Ruling 2036. If a person gives fiṭrah from a defective thing, then based on obligatory precaution it is not sufficient.

Ruling 2037. If a person gives fiṭrah on behalf of a number of persons, it is not necessary for him to give it all from the same item. For example, it is sufficient if he gives the fiṭrah of some in wheat and the fiṭrah of others in barley.

Ruling 2038. If a person performs Eid prayers, then based on obligatory precaution he must give fiṭrah before Eid prayers. However, if he does not perform Eid prayers, he can delay giving fiṭrah until the time of ẓuhr prayers [on the day of Eid al-Fiṭr].

Ruling 2039. If a person puts aside some of his property with the intention of fiṭrah but does not give it to someone who is entitled to receive it until the time of ẓuhr prayers on the day of Eid al-Fiṭr, he must make the intention of fiṭrah whenever he gives it, and there is no problem if there was a rationally acceptable reason for the delay.

Ruling 2040. If a person does not give fiṭrah until the time of ẓuhr prayers on the day Eid al-Fiṭr and does not set it aside either, then based on obligatory precaution he must give fiṭrah afterwards without making the intention of giving it within its prescribed time (adāʾ) or belatedly (qaḍāʾ).

Ruling 2041. If a person sets aside fiṭrah, he cannot take it for his own use and replace it with something else.

Ruling 2042. If a person possesses something that has a value greater than fiṭrah, in the event that he does not give fiṭrah and makes the intention that some of that item is for fiṭrah, then based on obligatory precaution this is not sufficient.

Ruling 2043. If the property that one has set aside for fiṭrah perishes, in the event that he had access to a poor person but delayed in giving the fiṭrah, or he was negligent in looking after it, he must replace it. However, if he did not have access to a poor person and he was not negligent in looking after it, he is not responsible for it.

Ruling 2044. If a person entitled to receive fiṭrah is found in one’s area, the obligatory precaution is that he must not transfer the fiṭrah to another place. However, if he does transfer it and delivers it to someone who is entitled to receive it, it is sufficient; but if he transfers it to another place and it perishes, he must replace it.
CHAPTER NINE » Hajj(1) → ← Alms Tax (Zakat) » Distribution of zakāt al-fiṭrah
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