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Ruling 1103. In all the obligatory and recommended prayers, it is recommended to perform qunūt before the rukūʿ of the second rakʿah. However, in the shafʿ prayer, one must perform qunūt with the intention of rajāʾ. In the witr prayer – despite it being only one rakʿah – it is recommended to perform qunūt before rukūʿ. In the Friday prayer, each rakʿah has a qunūt. Ṣalāt al‑āyāt has five qunūts. The Eid al-Fiṭr and Eid al-Aḍḥā prayers each have a number of qunūts in the two rakʿahs, details of which will be explained in their own place.

Ruling 1104. It is recommended that in qunūt one places his hands in front of his face with his palms facing the sky and with both hands kept next to each other; and apart from his thumb, he should close his other fingers together and look at the palms of his hands. In fact, based on obligatory precaution, qunūt is incorrect without raising the hands unless it is necessary for one not to [raise his hands].

Ruling 1105. In qunūt, it is sufficient to say any dhikr, even if it is one ‘subḥānal lāh’, and it is better if one says the following:

لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ الْحَلِيْمُ الْكَرِيْمُ، لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيْمُ، سُبْحَانَ اللهِ رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ، وَرَبِّ الْأَرَضِيْنَ السَّبْعِ، وَمَا فِيْهِنَّ وَمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ وَرَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِیْم، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ

lā ilāha illal lāhul ḥalīmul karīm, lā ilāha illal lāhul ʿaliyyul ʿaẓīm, subḥānal lāhi rabbis samāwātis sabʿ, wa rabbil araḍīnas sabʿ, wa mā fīhinna wa mā baynahunna wa rabbil ʿarshil ʿaẓīm, wal ḥamdu lillāhi rabbil ʿālamīn

There is no god but Allah, the Forbearing, the Generous. There is no god but Allah, the High, the Great. I declare emphatically that Allah is free from imperfections, [Allah,] Lord of the seven skies and all that is in them and all that is between them, and Lord of the Great Throne. And all praise is for Allah, Lord of the worlds.

Ruling 1106. It is recommended that one say the dhikr in qunūt aloud. However, with regard to someone who is performing prayers in congregation, if the imam would be able to hear him, then saying it aloud is not recommended.

Ruling 1107. If a person intentionally does not perform qunūt, it cannot be made up. If he forgets to perform it and remembers it before bending forward to the extent required for rukūʿ, it is recommended that he stand up and perform it. If he remembers it in rukūʿ, it is recommended that he make it up after the rukūʿ. If he remembers it in sajdah, it is recommended that he make it up after the salām.
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