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Taharat » Pure and Mixed Wate → ← Foreword

Translator’s Preface

Arabic terms which do not have standard spellings in English have been transliterated according to the system set out on this page.

ء


a, i, or u (initial form)








ل


l

ء


ʾ (medial or final form)








م


m

ا


a








ن


n

ب


b








ه


h

ت


t








و


w

ث


th








ي


y

ج


j








ة


h (without iḍāfah)

ح











ة


t (with iḍāfah)

خ


kh













د


d








الــ


al- *

ذ


dh








ـــَــ


a

ر


r








ـــِــ


i

ز


z








ـــُــ


u

س


s








ــَـا / آ / ىٰ


ā

ش


sh








ـــِــي


ī

ص











ـــُــو


ū

ض











آ


ʾā (medial form)

ط











ــَــيْ


ay

ظ











ــَــيّ


ayy

ع


ʿ








ــِــيّ


iyy (medial form)

غ


gh








ــِــيّ


ī (final form)

ف


f








ـــَــوْ


aw

ق


q








ـــَــوّ


aww

ك


k








ـــُــوّ


uww

* This does not apply, however, to those Arabic parts of the text that in practice are meant to be articulated verbally. See the fourth convention mentioned in the Translator’s Preface.
Taharat » Pure and Mixed Wate → ← Foreword
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