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Rules related to a dying person » Recommended (mustaḥabb) acts of ṣalāt al-mayyit → ← Rules related to a dying person » Laws of the funeral prayer (ṣalāt al-mayyit)

Rules related to a dying person » Method of performing ṣalāt al-mayyit

Ruling 597. Ṣalāt al-mayyit has five takbīrs,(1) and it is sufficient if one who is performing the prayer says five takbīrs in the following manner. After making the intention and saying the first takbīr he says:

أَشْهَدُ أَن لَّا إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَّسُولُ اللهِ

ashhadu al lā ilāha illal lāhu wa anna muḥammadar rasūlul lāh

I testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muḥammad is the messenger of Allah.

After the second takbīr he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمّدٍ وَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

allāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammdiw wa āli muḥammad

O Allah! Bless Muḥammad and the progeny of Muḥammad.

After the third takbīr he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ

allāhummagh fir lilmuʾminīna wal muʾmināt

O Allah! Forgive the believers, men and women alike.

After the fourth takbīr, if the deceased is male, he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِهٰذَا الْمَيِّتِ

allāhummagh fir lihādhal mayyit

O Allah! Forgive this deceased man.

If the deceased is female, he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِهٰذِهِ الْمَيِّتَةِ

allāhummagh fir lihādhihil mayyitah

O Allah! Forgive this deceased woman.

Then he says the fifth takbīr [to conclude the prayer].

It is better that after the first takbīr he says:

أَشْهَدُ أَن لَّا إِلٰهَ إلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ، أَرْسَلَهُ بِالْحَقِّ بَشِيراً وَّ نَذِيراًۢ بَيْنَ يَدَيِ السَّاعَةِ

ashhadu al lā ilāha illal lāhu waḥdahu lā sharīka lah, wa ashhadu anna muḥammadan ʿabduhu wa rasūluh, arsalahu bilḥaqqi bashīraw wa nadhīram bayna yadayis sāʿah

I testify that there is no god but Allah, He alone, for whom there is no partner; and I testify that Muḥammad is His servant and His messenger, whom He sent with the truth as a giver of glad tidings and a warner before the advent of the Hour [i.e. the Day of Judgement.]

[And it is better that] after the second takbīr he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، وَ بَارِكْ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، وَ ارْحَمْ مُحَمَّداً وَّ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ، كأَفْضَلِ مَا صَلَّيْتَ وَ بَارَكْتَ وَ تَـرَحَّمْتَ عَلَىٰ إبْـرَاهِيمَ وَ آلِ إبْـرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَّجـِـيدٌ، وَ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ جَمِيعِ الْأَنْــۢبِيَاءِ وَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ الصِّدِّيقِينَ وَ جَمِيعِ عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِينَ

allāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadiw wa āli muḥammad, wa bārik ʿalā muḥammadiw wa āli muḥammad, warḥam muḥammadaw wa āla muḥammad, kaʾafḍali mā ṣallayta wa bārakta wa taraḥḥamta ʿalā ibrāhīma wa āli ibrāhīm, innaka ḥamīdum majīd, wa ṣalli ʿalā jamīʿil ambiyāʾi wal mursalīna wash shuhadāʾi waṣ ṣiddīqīna wa jamīʿi ʿibādil lāhiṣ ṣāliḥīn

O Allah! Bless Muḥammad and the progeny of Muḥammad, and bestow Your bounty upon Muḥammad and the progeny of Muḥammad, and have mercy on Muḥammad and the progeny of Muḥammad, with the best blessing, bestowal of bounty, and mercy that You showered upon Ibrāhīm and the progeny of Ibrāhīm. Indeed, You are the All- Laudable, All-Glorious. Bless all the Prophets and Messengers and witnesses and the truthful and all Allah’s righteous servants.

[And it is better that] after the third takbīr he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَ الْمُسْلِمَاتِ، اَلْأَحْيَاءِ مِنْـهُمْ وَ الْأَمْوَاتِ، تَابِعْ بَـيْنــنَا وَ بَــيْـنَــهُمْ بِالْخَـيْـرَاتِ، إِنَّكَ مُجِيبُ الدَّعَوَاتِ، إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

allāhummagh fir lilmuʾminīna wal muʾmināti wal muslimīna wal muslimāt, alʾaḥyāʾi minhum wal amwāt, tābiʿ baynanā wa baynahum bilkhayrāt, innaka mujībud daʿawāt, innaka ʿalā kulli shayʾin qadīr

O Allah! Forgive the believers, men and women alike, and the Muslims, men and women alike, the living among them and the dead. Shower us and them with blessings. Indeed, You are the Answerer of Supplications. Indeed, You are powerful over everything.

[And it is better that] after the fourth takbīr, if the deceased is male, he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّ هٰذَا عَبْدُكَ وَ ابْنُ عَبْدِكَ وَ ابْنُ أَمَتِكَ، نَـزَلَ بِكَ وَ أَنْتَ خَيْـرُ مَنْـزُولٍۭ بِهِ، اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّا لاَ نَعْلَمُ مِنْهُ إِلاَّ خَيْراً، وَ أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهِ مِنَّا، اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ مُحْسِنًا فَزِدْ فِىْ إِحْسَانِهِ، وَ إِنْ كَانَ مُسِيئًا فَـتَجَاوَزْ عَنْهُ وَ اغْفِرْ لَهُ، اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ عِنْدَكَ فِي أَعْلَىٰ عِلِّيِّينَ، وَ اخْلُفْ عَلَىٰ اَهْلِهِ فِي الغَابِرِينَ، وَ ارْحَمْهُ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ

allāhumma inna hādhā ʿabduka wabnu ʿabdik wabnu amatik, nazala bika wa anta khayru manzūlim bih, allāhumma innā lā naʿlamu minhu illā khayra, wa anta aʿlamu bihi minnā, allāhumma in kāna muḥsinan fazid fī iḥsānih, wa in kāna musīʾan fatajāwaz ʿanhu waghfir lahu, allāhummaj ʿalhu ʿindaka fī aʿlā ʿilliyyīn, wakh luf ʿalā ahlihi fīl ghābirīn, warḥamhu biraḥmatika yā arḥamar rāhimīn

O Allah! Indeed, this is Your servant, son of Your servant, and son of Your maidservant. He has taken abode with You and You are the best of those who are taken abode with. O Allah! We do not know from him anything but good, and You are more knowing of him than we. O Allah! If he was benevolent then increase his benevolent deeds, and if he was sinful then overlook him [without punishing him] and forgive him. O Allah! Place him near You in the highest of the high ranks, and be his replacement for his family while they remain, and have mercy on him, by Your mercy, O Most Merciful!

Then he says the fifth takbīr [to conclude the prayer].

However, if the deceased is female, [it is better that] after the fourth takbīr he says:

اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّ هٰذِهِ أَمَتُكَ وَ ابْنَةُ عَبْدِكَ وَ ابْنَةُ أَمَتِكَ، نَـزَلَتْ بِكَ وَ أَنْتَ خَيْـرُ مَنْـزُولٍۭ بِهِ، اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّا لاَ نَعْلَمُ مِنْـهَا إِلاَّ خَيْراً، وَ أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهَا مِنَّا، اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنْ كَانَتْ مُحْسِنَةً فَزِدْ فِىْ إِحْسَانِهَا، وَ إِنْ كَانَتْ مُسِيئَةً فَـتَجَاوَزْ عَنْـهَا وَ اغْفِرْ لَهَا، اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهَا عِنْدَكَ فِي أَعْلَىٰ عِلِّيِّينَ، وَ اخْلُفْ عَلَىٰ اَهْلِهَا فِي الغَابِرِينَ، وَ ارْحَمْهَا بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ

allāhumma inna hādhihi amatuka wabnatu ʿabdika wabnatu amatik, nazalat bika wa anta khayru manzūlim bih, allāhumma innā lā naʿlamu minhā illā khayra, wa anta aʿlamu bihā minnā, allāhumma in kānat muḥsinatan fazid fī iḥsānihā, wa in kānat musīʾatan fatajāwaz ʿanhā wagh fir lahā, allāhummaj ʿalhā ʿindaka fī aʿlā ʿilliyyīn, wakh luf ʿalā ahlihā fīl ghābirīn, war ḥamhā biraḥmatika yā arḥamar rāhimīn

O Allah! Indeed, this is Your maidservant, daughter of Your servant, and daughter of Your maidservant. She has taken abode with You and You are the best of those who are taken abode with. O Allah! We do not know from her anything but good, and You are more knowing of her than we. O Allah! If she was benevolent then increase her benevolent deeds, and if she was sinful then overlook her [without punishing her] and forgive her. O Allah! Place her near You in the highest of the high ranks, and be her replacement for her family while they remain, and have mercy on her, by Your mercy, O Most Merciful!

Ruling 598. The takbīrs and duʿāʾs must be performed one after another such that the prayer does not lose its form.

Ruling 599. Someone who performs ṣalāt al-mayyit in congregation must also perform the takbīrs and recite the duʿāʾs even if he is a follower in the prayer [as opposed to being the imam of the prayer].

(1) Takbīr is a proclamation of Allah’s greatness by saying ‘allāhu akbar’.
Rules related to a dying person » Recommended (mustaḥabb) acts of ṣalāt al-mayyit → ← Rules related to a dying person » Laws of the funeral prayer (ṣalāt al-mayyit)
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